Old Japan—Kanazawa to Kyoto
A journey from the quaint town of Takayama to the old capital of Kyoto, this trip provides the ultimate insight into the traditional way of life in Japan in centuries past up to the present day. For hundreds of years, Japan was ruled by successive regimes of warlords, with an imperial system that coexisted alongside it. Meanwhile, a strict feudal hierarchy dictated how everyone else should live—whether farmer or merchant, monk or samurai. Explore the preserved old samurai quarters, rural hamlets, temples, and teahouses that hold the secrets to how the Japanese spent their everyday lives.
Located in the Japan Alps , Takayama is often referred to as a “Little Kyoto.” Rickshaws provide an unforgettable way to explore the streets here, lined with old wooden houses, temples and shrines, and craft stores. There is also an open-air market which runs every morning outside the Jinya, an Edo-period government building that is in itself also worth visiting, offering a wide range of food and craft items.
Take the circular bus route through Takayama to two sites of interest. The surrounding Hida area is home to gassho-zukuri farmhouses made with steep thatched roofs. See these houses at the Hida Folk Village . Also on the route is Festa Forest, an underground museum showcasing the ornate yatai floats used in festivals, the world's largest drum, and a collection of clockwork dolls.
TakayamaTakayama, Gifu, Japan
Shirakawa-go and Gokayama host the most famous examples of gassho-zukuri, and both are accessible by bus from Takayama in approximately one and two hours respectively. These two UNESCO World Heritage sites are quite beautiful in any season, but when covered in heavy snow in winter they are particularly magical. Today, many of these farmhouses are used as accommodation for tourists. Get a perfect view of the 113 thatched-roof houses nestled in a valley from the observation deck in Shirakawa-go.
Gassho-zukuri architecture is characterized by steep roofs that extend almost to the ground
Due to its more remote location and smaller scale, Ainokura Village may be even better preserved than Shirakawa-go. If you are continuing to Kanazawa , staying overnight in an inn here is more convenient.
Shirakawa-goShirakawa-go, Ogimachi, Shirakawa, Gifu, Japan
From Gokayama it is another 90-minute bus ride north to Kanazawa , an historical city with a refined artisan culture and several important historical sites, all located within walking distance or short bus rides.
KanazawaKanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan
The 17th-century Kenrokuen Garden , considered one of the top three landscape gardens in the country, is a highlight of any visit to Kanazawa . The garden was designed to gorgeous in any season, but it is particularly popular in May, with blooming irises, and in winter when yuki-tsuri bamboo supports protect the pine trees from the weight of snow accumulation.
Stop by the grounds of the reconstructed Kanazawa Castle en route, a popular local cherry blossom-viewing spot in late March to early April.
Kenrokuen GardenKenrokuen Garden, 3 Kenroku Motomachi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan
The 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art
Not far from Kenrokuen is Kanazawa’s 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art , where you can find stimulating works and installations by renowned international artists—the highly futuristic building in which it is housed is just another reason to visit.
21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa, 1 Chome-2-1 Hirosaka, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan
Nagamachi Samurai District
Take the time to explore the older areas of the city, including the Nagamachi Bukeyashiki District , southeast of Kanazawa Castle . These traditional residences are carefully preserved, and represent samurai life as it was during the Edo period. Among the picturesque narrow lanes, you'll find the Nomura House, or Nomura-ke, a preserved Edo-period mansion of a prosperous samurai with a particularly beautiful garden. The Nagamachi Yuzenkan is a kaga kuzen silk dyeing center standing on the site of a former samurai house where you can see traditional silk dyeing techniques used for dying kimono. Other notable perserved areas of the city are Nishi Chaya and Higashi Chaya teahouse quarters, which also have boutique shops. Thrice-weekly geisha evening performances at Kaikaro Teahouse in Higashi Chaya are open to the public, though you should book in advance.
Nagamachi Samurai DistrictNagamachi Samurai District, 1 Chome-3-12-2 Nagamachi, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan
From Kanazawa , you can reach Japan’s old capital of Kyoto in approximately 2 hours 20 minutes on the Thunderbird train. The seat of the emperor for over 1,000 years, Kyoto is hard to omit from any traveler’s itinerary of Japan. It is one of the few cities left intact during World War II and remains a time capsule in a country that has experienced rapid urbanization. To gain an understanding of Kyoto’s significance, stop by the Museum of Kyoto on Sanjo Street, its annex a distinct red-brick building that is a national treasure. Venture up to the second floor which has a permanent exhibition on the city’s history, as well as a fascinating look at its most important festival taking place every July, Gion Matsuri, and selected works of craft.
If you are interested in learning more about Kyoto crafts, the Fureaikan Museum inside the Miyako Messe building is excellent and sometimes invites artisans to give live demonstrations. Every third Sunday of the month, a maiko apprentice geisha comes to give a short performance and answer questions from the audience.
Perched on the side of a mountain, the extraordinary architecture of Kiyomizudera Temple’s main hall is a must-see. It is a good idea to start your visit early and prepare to walk uphill for a while to reach it. The roof of the main hall is under construction until 2020 but is accessible. The area around the temple is heaven for ceramics lovers and is host to numerous pottery shops. Kawai Kanjiro Memorial House, the former residence of a mingei potter, is a hidden gem in the area.
Kiyomizu-deraKiyomizu-dera, 1 Chome-294 Kiyomizu, Higashiyama Ward, Kyoto, Japan
From the far eastern end of Shijo Street, popular among shoppers, you will spot the orange gate of Yasaka Shrine. This large Shinto shrine is one of Kyoto’s oldest and is also the focal point of the annual Gion Festival in July, where you can witness elaborate ceremonies and the departure of golden portable shrines.
After exploring the grounds of Yasaka Shrine , you can continue through Maruyama Park to the 17th-century Kodaiji Temple . The widow of ruthless warlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi built this Zen Buddhist temple in memory of her deceased husband. Hideyoshi was instrumental in the unification of Japan after the country was torn apart by some 150 years of conflict. The so-called father of Japanese tea ceremony, Sen-no-Rikyu, also built the rustic tearoom here.
Yasaka ShrineYasaka Shrine, 625 Gionmachi Kitagawa, Higashiyama Ward, Kyoto, Japan
The nightly performance at Yasaka Hall, called Gion Corner, gives visitors an overview of the different types of Japanese performing arts and music, as well as the tea ceremony. This show also features a maiko performance. It is best to arrive at the ticket counter at least 15 minutes before the performance to avoid disappointment. Gion is home to two of the five kagai or geisha districts. After the performance at Gion Corner, take a stroll through the dimly lit streets here and perhaps you will be lucky enough to catch a glimpse of the entertainers on their way to their appointment of the night. Some of the teahouses here that once hosted geisha are now exclusive restaurants.
GionGion, 1 Chome-3-3 Asagayakita, Suginami City, Tokyo, Japan
The Tetsugaku-no-michi or Philosopher’s Path is a very pleasant route that meanders alongside a cherry-tree-lined canal. It is especially popular for its gorgeous seasonal flowers and autumn colors that tint the Higashiyama hills. At the northern end of the Philosopher's Path , take the time to view Ginkaku-ji Temple, also known as the Silver Pavilion , and its moss-covered gardens. Having miraculously survived the many calamities Kyoto has experienced in its long history, this lovely temple is one of the earliest examples of shoin-zukuri architecture: the precursor to the traditional-style houses that you will see all over Japan. As you venture alonge the path, you will spot the signs for numerous temples and shrines along the way, such as Honen-in Temple or Otoyo-jinja Shrine. You may spot two charming statues of mice standing guard outside the latter, representing messengers of the god enshrined here. The best way to extend your walk is to continue to Nanzenji Temple and Heian-jingu Shrine .
Philosopher's PathPhilosopher's Path, Shishigatani Teranomaecho, Sakyo Ward, Kyoto, Japan
Nanzenji was once one of the most important Zen temples in Japan. Its enormous, wooden Sanmon Gate commemorates the dead at the siege of Osaka Castle in 1626, which secured the succession of warlord Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Its smaller sub-temple, Tenju-an, is also worth visiting. Why not stop for lunch here at one of the famous yu-dofu, tofu hot pot, restaurants?
Along the canal and part of the Philosopher's path is a beautiful aquaduct, which can be seen near Nanzenji Temple.
Follow the canal into the Okazaki area, where you can find a number of museums, including the Municipal Museum of Art and National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto Zoo and the Rohm Theater.
Nanzenji TempleNanzenji Temple, ８６ Nanzenji Fukuchicho, Sakyo Ward, Kyoto, Japan
You will also come across the huge torii gate leading to Heian-jingu Shrine : the 1895 replica of the original imperial palace in Kyoto built in the distinctive Chinese style. Sit for a while in their gardens and admire the blooms here. Heian-jingu can be thought of a consolation present of sorts: it was built after the imperial court was moved to Tokyo, to commemorate 1,100 years of Kyoto’s founding. Enshrined here in the shrine are the first and last emperors to have reigned from Kyoto itself. The large open courtyard provides wonderful acoustics for the performances here through the year, such as the Takigi Noh (Noh Theater by firelight) in June.
Heian ShrineHeian Shrine, Okazaki Nishitennocho, Sakyo Ward, Kyoto, Japan
For foodies, there is no better place than Nishiki Market , nicknamed “Kyoto’s Kitchen.” You can find an astonishing variety of vendors packed into this narrow 1,500-meter-long passageway, peddling everything from tofu doughnuts and quail eggs, to fine ceramics and kitchenware. Despite the crowding at peak times, the market continues to attract locals too.
Nishiki MarketNishiki Market, 609番地 Nishidaimonjicho, Nakagyo Ward, Kyoto, Japan
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